William Addo from Health Education on Wheels Inc. talked to participants waiting their turn to be screened for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes and how they could prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
He informed participants that Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition that arises when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin produced. Failure of insulin secretion, insulin action or both lead to raised glucose levels in the blood and other metabolic changes which if not controlled, can cause serious complications. The most important of these complications are nephropathy ( affecting the kidney). retinopathy (affecting the eyes), neuropathy (affecting the nerves) and cardiovascular disease( affecting the circulatory system).
The four main types of diabetes:
He informed the participants of the four main types of diabetes which had recently been divided by a World Health Organization (WHO) Consultation and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) Expert Committee into 4 main types.
Type 1 diabetes: Insulin require for survival due to lack of insulin produced by the body as a result of beta cell destruction.
Type 2 diabetes: Characterized by disorders of both insulin action or secretion, either of which may predominate, both of which are usually present. Usually controlled by diet, exercise and oral hypoglycemic agents.
Type 3 diabetes: Other types of diabetes where the cause is known (example generic defects in beta cell function or insulin action, disease of the pancreas, certain other hormonal disorders or drug induced disorders ).
Type 4 diabetes: Gestational diabetes. Diabetes appearing the first time in pregnancy.